Essay within the Difference between Language and Dialect

The Difference between Language and Vernacular

Language and Dialect

学生 :

学院 : 高级翻译学院

年级 : 2007级

研究方向 : 商务翻译研究

课程名称 : 语言学理论

任课老师 :莫爱屏教授

论文提交日期 : 2008/01/08

Abstract: This kind of paper should probe into the study of language and dialect in the field of sociolinguistics. Component 1 is actually a general introduction to the issues getting covered inside the paper. Component 2 centers on the analysis of selected criteria that probably could possibly be applied regarding differentiate a language coming from a language. Part 3 and Part 4 expose two distinguished kinds of dialects, namely, local dialect and social language respectively through detailed illustrations. Part 5 investigates different aspects of enroll which is tightly related to the study of language and dialect. Part 6 is a conclusion. Key words: variety; regional dialect; sociable dialect; enroll




1 . Introduction

2 . Criteria to get differentiating a language coming from a dialect

2 . you Variety and " mutual intelligibility”

2 . 2 Various other criteria (including Bell's several aspects in languages differentiation) 3. Regional dialect 3. 1 Explanation and features of local dialects

three or more. 2 Causes of the appearance of local dialects

four. Social dialects

4. one particular Social dialects in relation to age group differences

some. 2 Cultural dialects with regards to sex dissimilarities

4. several Social dialects in relation to big difference of social class membership 5. An intro to register (field, mode and tenor) a few. 1 The field of discourse

your five. 2 The mode of discourse

5. 3 The tenor of discourse

6th. Conclusion

1 ) Introduction

In sociolinguistics, language is regarded as as an abstract idea that is put in the form of dialects. It's not clear-cut to distinguish a dialect from a dialect of the language. " Mutual intelligibility” seems to be an ideal criterion with regards to telling a language from a vernacular of a dialect, however , we can certainly get some cases that counter-argue this principle. Hence some other requirements should be utilized as supplements to distinguish among a dialect and a dialect, between which, Bell's seven concepts for speaking about different different languages are of big inspiration. The varieties of dialects are differentiated according to the locations in which they can be used, different social elements that affect their uses, and functions and styles they may have when accommodating different conditions in terminology communication. Accordingly, sociolinguists labeled these dialects as local, social, and functional language respectively. This kind of paper will certainly touch upon the discussion from the different different types of language regarding the users, cultural factors and environment. installment payments on your Criteria pertaining to differentiating a language from a dialect 2 . 1 Variety and " shared intelligibility”

In order to further more the discussion with the difference between a dialect and a dialect, a few first of all direct attention to an important term in the field of sociolinguistics—variety. Then precisely what is the definition of any variety? R. A. Hudson, a famous linguist, specifies a variety of language as a group of linguistic items with comparable social distribution (1980: 24). According for this definition, we are able to call any of the following items " kinds of language”: The english language, French, China, London English language, or the dialect used by a person, etc . It will probably be seen from this list the fact that general notion " variety” includes instances of what could normally be called dialects, dialects and registers (a term meaning roughly " style”). Now we know that both equally " a language” and " a dialect of the language” are kind of range. Then why do some of us call several varieties diverse languages and others different dialects of the same terminology? Many sociolinguists agree which a dialect is one of most problematic terms to give an over-all definition to. Some suggested that vocabulary exists by means of dialect....

Recommendations: 1 . Bell, R. To. Sociolinguistics: Goals, Approaches and Problem. Birmingham: Batsford, 1976.

2 . Coulmas, Florian. The Handbook of Sociolinguistics. Beijing: Foreign Language and Teaching Press, 2001.

three or more. Halliday, M. A. Dialect as Interpersonal Semiotic. London: Arnold, 78.

4. Hudson, R. A. Sociolinguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge UP,


5. Wang Dechun. Yuyanxue Gailun (An introduction to linguistics) Shanghai: Shanghai International Teaching Press, 1997.

Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1986.