Essay on Bad Highway Effect

Bad Highway Effect



1 ) 1 Backdrop to the Study

Transportation and property are essential in physical and economic development of towns and cities all over the world. Real estate and property values usually increase in areas with expanding transportation networks, and increase less swiftly in areas without these kinds of improvements. Rapid and continuing rise in real estate and terrain prices are expected in towns with transport improvements and rapid financial and population growth (Goldberg, 1970).

Guy, nations, areas and the community would be seriously limited in development with no transportation, the key factor intended for physical and economic progress (Oyesiku, 2002). Transportation systems and terrain use happen to be interdependent. Without a doubt findings of earlier research indicate compelling and steady connections amongst them (Ewing and Cervero, 2001; Polzin, 2004). According to Mcneally, Mokhtarian, and Littlel (2008), transportation route is element of distinct development pattern or perhaps road network and mainly described simply by regular streets patterns as an indispensable element of human being existence, expansion and world. The route network coupled with increased transport investment result in improved levels of accessibility reflected through Cost Benefit Analysis, savings in travel and leisure time, and also other benefits. These benefits happen to be noticeable in increased catchment areas pertaining to services and facilities just like shops, universities, offices, banks, and leisure time activities.

Road networks happen to be observed in terms of their components of availability, connectivity, visitors density, amount of service, simplicity, and thickness of particular roads. Standard of service is actually a measure in which the quality of support on travel devices or infrastructure is decided, and it is a holistic approach considering several factors regarded as procedures of targeted traffic density and congestion rather than overall velocity of the journey (Mannering, Walt, and Jeff, 2004). one particular

Access to major roads delivers relative positive aspects consequent where commercial users locate to take pleasure from the advantages. Modern businesses, industrial sectors, trades and general activities depend on transport and transfer infrastructure, with movement of products and providers from place to place becoming vital and inseparable aspects of global and urban monetary survival. Improvements of various vehicles modes have become pivotal to physical and economic advancements. Such ways include human being porterage, railways, ropeways and cableways, sewerlines, inland waterways, sea, surroundings, and highways (Said and Shah, 2008). According to Oyesiku (2002), urbanization in Nigeria includes a long record in its development and growth. Extensive creation being a feature of the 19th and twentieth centuries, with concentration of economic and administrative decision-making in Lagos, Ibadan, Kaduna, Jos, and Enugu, and high level of specialization and bigger population linked to greater specialty area of goods and services. Wyatt (1997) claims that cities have propensity to develop for nodal details in transfer network and places with good street network will possess family member advantage over locations having poor network. Urban spots with this kind of relative benefit are found in which different travel routes are staying with substantial degree of compactness, connectivity, density, length and accessibility showed within the intra- and inter- urban highway networks.

Ikeja is a standard example in the history of development and growth of urban centers in Nigeria. The city started to be capital of Lagos Condition in 1976 with increased road systems developed to cater for embrace concentration of pedestrian and vehicular actions. Similarly, commercial activities like banking, retail/wholesale businesses, and professional services congregated to take advantage of nearness to seat of governance. Concentration of activities captivated consumers and ancillary providers. This partially caused embrace demand for business space as well as its concomitant results on business...

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