Essay on Bad Highway Effect

Bad Highway Effect

CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

1 ) 1 Backdrop to the Study

Transportation and property are essential in physical and economic development of towns and cities all over the world. Real estate and property values usually increase in areas with expanding transportation networks, and increase less swiftly in areas without these kinds of improvements. Rapid and continuing rise in real estate and terrain prices are expected in towns with transport improvements and rapid financial and population growth (Goldberg, 1970).

Guy, nations, areas and the community would be seriously limited in development with no transportation, the key factor intended for physical and economic progress (Oyesiku, 2002). Transportation systems and terrain use happen to be interdependent. Without a doubt findings of earlier research indicate compelling and steady connections amongst them (Ewing and Cervero, 2001; Polzin, 2004). According to Mcneally, Mokhtarian, and Littlel (2008), transportation route is element of distinct development pattern or perhaps road network and mainly described simply by regular streets patterns as an indispensable element of human being existence, expansion and world. The route network coupled with increased transport investment result in improved levels of accessibility reflected through Cost Benefit Analysis, savings in travel and leisure time, and also other benefits. These benefits happen to be noticeable in increased catchment areas pertaining to services and facilities just like shops, universities, offices, banks, and leisure time activities.

Road networks happen to be observed in terms of their components of availability, connectivity, visitors density, amount of service, simplicity, and thickness of particular roads. Standard of service is actually a measure in which the quality of support on travel devices or infrastructure is decided, and it is a holistic approach considering several factors regarded as procedures of targeted traffic density and congestion rather than overall velocity of the journey (Mannering, Walt, and Jeff, 2004). one particular

Access to major roads delivers relative positive aspects consequent where commercial users locate to take pleasure from the advantages. Modern businesses, industrial sectors, trades and general activities depend on transport and transfer infrastructure, with movement of products and providers from place to place becoming vital and inseparable aspects of global and urban monetary survival. Improvements of various vehicles modes have become pivotal to physical and economic advancements. Such ways include human being porterage, railways, ropeways and cableways, sewerlines, inland waterways, sea, surroundings, and highways (Said and Shah, 2008). According to Oyesiku (2002), urbanization in Nigeria includes a long record in its development and growth. Extensive creation being a feature of the 19th and twentieth centuries, with concentration of economic and administrative decision-making in Lagos, Ibadan, Kaduna, Jos, and Enugu, and high level of specialization and bigger population linked to greater specialty area of goods and services. Wyatt (1997) claims that cities have propensity to develop for nodal details in transfer network and places with good street network will possess family member advantage over locations having poor network. Urban spots with this kind of relative benefit are found in which different travel routes are staying with substantial degree of compactness, connectivity, density, length and accessibility showed within the intra- and inter- urban highway networks.

Ikeja is a standard example in the history of development and growth of urban centers in Nigeria. The city started to be capital of Lagos Condition in 1976 with increased road systems developed to cater for embrace concentration of pedestrian and vehicular actions. Similarly, commercial activities like banking, retail/wholesale businesses, and professional services congregated to take advantage of nearness to seat of governance. Concentration of activities captivated consumers and ancillary providers. This partially caused embrace demand for business space as well as its concomitant results on business...

References: Abosede, A. T. (2000) Testing and Testing Techniques in Research Methods in

the Social and Management Science

Aderamo, A. M. (2003). A Graph Theoretic Analysis of Intra-Urban Street Network in

Ilorin, Nigeria

Allen, T. and Boyce, D. (1974). Impact of High-speed Transit Facility about Residential

Real estate Values

Alonso, W. (1960): A Model from the Urban Land Market, Daily news and Actions of

the Regional Science Association, six, 1960, 142-149.

Alonso, T. (1964). Location and Property Use: Toward a General Theory of Area Rent.

Ambrose, B. (1990). An Evaluation of the Factors Affecting Light Industrial House

Valuation

American Public Transportation Association (APTA) (2002). Rail Transit and

Property Values

http//www.apta.com, accessed December 22, 2007.

Ary, M., Jacobs, D., and Razavieh, A. (1996). Introduction to Analysis in Education.

Bailey, M., Mokhtarian, S. L., Tiny, A. (2008). The Larger Connection between

Public Transportation, Strength Conservation and Greenhouse Gas

Balchin, S. N., Kieve, J. L., and Half truths, G. They would. (1991). Downtown Land Economics and

Public Policy (Fourth Ed. ) Hampshire: Macmillan Educational Limited.

Balchin, G. N.; Kieve, J. L.; and Half truths, G. They would. (2000). Downtown Economics – A Global

Point of view

Banister, M. and M. Berechman (2005). Transport Expense and Monetary

Development

Bartlett, J. E.; J. Watts., Kotrlik; and C. C. Higgins (2001). Organizational Research:

Determining Appropriate Sample Size in Survey Research

Batty, M. (1997). Cellular Automata and Urban Form: A Primer. Record of the

American Planning Connection, 63 (2), 266 – 274.

Batty, M. (1999). A Research Program for Downtown Morphology in Environment and

Planning M: Planning and Design, 21, 475 – 76.

Batty, M. and Longey, P. (1994). Fractal Cities: A Geometry of Form and performance.

Berry, M. J. L., and Watts. L. Garrison (1958). The Functional Facets of the Central-place

Hierarchy

Super berry, B. M. L., and F. E. Horton (1970). Geographic Perspectives on City Systems.

Bohr, B (2006) Map in the Local Government Regions of Lagos in

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benutzer:Bohr; reached May 26, 2008.

Bollinger, C. 3rd there’s r., K. Ur. Ihlanfeldt, and D. 3rd there’s r. Bowes (1998). Spatial Variation in Workplace

Rents Inside the Atlanta Region, Urban Research, 35: 1097 – 1118.

Broadbent, G. (1988). Design in Buildings. London: David Fulton.

Buckwalter, D. (2001). Complex Topology in the Road Network of Hungary,

1990 and 98

Burgess, E. W. (1925). The Growth of the City: An intro to a Exploration

Project, inside the City simply by Robert E

Cervero, 3rd there’s r. (1994). Railroad Transit and Joint Development: Land Marketplace Impacts in

Washington, D. C

Cervero, R. (1998). The Transportation Metropolis: A worldwide Inquiry. Washington, D. C.:

Island Press.

Cervero, L. and Duncan, M. (2002). Transit's Value added: Effects of Mild and

Relever Rail Companies on Industrial Land Ideals

San Francisco Bay Area. Downtown Studies, thirty-five, 1059-1076.

Chesterton, G. E. (2002). Property Market Examine, Working Newspaper 32 prepared for

Jubilee Line Extendable Impact Research Unit

Cloete, E. C., and Chikafalimani, S. They would. P. (2001). Overview of the home Industry

in Malawi

House in The african continent held in Arusha, Tanzania, Oct 23 – 25, 2001.

Cochran, T. G. (1977). Sampling Tactics (3rd ed. ). New york city: John Wiley &

Daughters.

Cole, T. P and King, C. A. Meters. (1968). Quantitative Geography Techniques and

Theories in Geography

Colwell, L. F. and Munneke, L. J. (1997). The Composition of Downtown Land Prices,

Journal of Urban Economics, 41, 321-336.

Cozen, M. R. G. (1969). Alnwick, Northumberland: A Study in Town Prepare Analysis.

Dabinett, G. (1998) Realizing Reconstruction Benefits From Downtown Infrastructure

Expenditure: Lessons Via Sheffield inside the 1990s

Damm, D., Lerman, S., Lerner-Lam, E., and Young, J. (1980). Response of Metropolitan

Real Estate Values in Anticipation of The Washington Local area

Dewees, G. N. (1976). The Effect of your Subway upon Residential Property Ideals in

Barcelone

Diaz, R. B. (1999). Impacts of Rail Flow on Property Values. APTA 1999 Quick

Transit Meeting Proceedings Conventional paper.

Dickey, J. W. (1975). Metropolitan Transportation Planning. Buenos aires, D. C