Bad Highway Effect
1 ) 1 Backdrop to the Study
Transportation and property are essential in physical and economic development of towns and cities all over the world. Real estate and property values usually increase in areas with expanding transportation networks, and increase less swiftly in areas without these kinds of improvements. Rapid and continuing rise in real estate and terrain prices are expected in towns with transport improvements and rapid financial and population growth (Goldberg, 1970).
Guy, nations, areas and the community would be seriously limited in development with no transportation, the key factor intended for physical and economic progress (Oyesiku, 2002). Transportation systems and terrain use happen to be interdependent. Without a doubt findings of earlier research indicate compelling and steady connections amongst them (Ewing and Cervero, 2001; Polzin, 2004). According to Mcneally, Mokhtarian, and Littlel (2008), transportation route is element of distinct development pattern or perhaps road network and mainly described simply by regular streets patterns as an indispensable element of human being existence, expansion and world. The route network coupled with increased transport investment result in improved levels of accessibility reflected through Cost Benefit Analysis, savings in travel and leisure time, and also other benefits. These benefits happen to be noticeable in increased catchment areas pertaining to services and facilities just like shops, universities, offices, banks, and leisure time activities.
Road networks happen to be observed in terms of their components of availability, connectivity, visitors density, amount of service, simplicity, and thickness of particular roads. Standard of service is actually a measure in which the quality of support on travel devices or infrastructure is decided, and it is a holistic approach considering several factors regarded as procedures of targeted traffic density and congestion rather than overall velocity of the journey (Mannering, Walt, and Jeff, 2004). one particular
Access to major roads delivers relative positive aspects consequent where commercial users locate to take pleasure from the advantages. Modern businesses, industrial sectors, trades and general activities depend on transport and transfer infrastructure, with movement of products and providers from place to place becoming vital and inseparable aspects of global and urban monetary survival. Improvements of various vehicles modes have become pivotal to physical and economic advancements. Such ways include human being porterage, railways, ropeways and cableways, sewerlines, inland waterways, sea, surroundings, and highways (Said and Shah, 2008). According to Oyesiku (2002), urbanization in Nigeria includes a long record in its development and growth. Extensive creation being a feature of the 19th and twentieth centuries, with concentration of economic and administrative decision-making in Lagos, Ibadan, Kaduna, Jos, and Enugu, and high level of specialization and bigger population linked to greater specialty area of goods and services. Wyatt (1997) claims that cities have propensity to develop for nodal details in transfer network and places with good street network will possess family member advantage over locations having poor network. Urban spots with this kind of relative benefit are found in which different travel routes are staying with substantial degree of compactness, connectivity, density, length and accessibility showed within the intra- and inter- urban highway networks.
Ikeja is a standard example in the history of development and growth of urban centers in Nigeria. The city started to be capital of Lagos Condition in 1976 with increased road systems developed to cater for embrace concentration of pedestrian and vehicular actions. Similarly, commercial activities like banking, retail/wholesale businesses, and professional services congregated to take advantage of nearness to seat of governance. Concentration of activities captivated consumers and ancillary providers. This partially caused embrace demand for business space as well as its concomitant results on business...
References: Abosede, A. T. (2000) Testing and Testing Techniques in Research Methods in
the Social and Management Science
Aderamo, A. M. (2003). A Graph Theoretic Analysis of Intra-Urban Street Network in
Allen, T. and Boyce, D. (1974). Impact of High-speed Transit Facility about Residential
Real estate Values
Alonso, W. (1960): A Model from the Urban Land Market, Daily news and Actions of
the Regional Science Association, six, 1960, 142-149.
Alonso, T. (1964). Location and Property Use: Toward a General Theory of Area Rent.
Ambrose, B. (1990). An Evaluation of the Factors Affecting Light Industrial House
American Public Transportation Association (APTA) (2002). Rail Transit and
http//www.apta.com, accessed December 22, 2007.
Ary, M., Jacobs, D., and Razavieh, A. (1996). Introduction to Analysis in Education.
Bailey, M., Mokhtarian, S. L., Tiny, A. (2008). The Larger Connection between
Public Transportation, Strength Conservation and Greenhouse Gas
Balchin, S. N., Kieve, J. L., and Half truths, G. They would. (1991). Downtown Land Economics and
Public Policy (Fourth Ed. ) Hampshire: Macmillan Educational Limited.
Balchin, G. N.; Kieve, J. L.; and Half truths, G. They would. (2000). Downtown Economics вЂ“ A Global
Point of view
Banister, M. and M. Berechman (2005). Transport Expense and Monetary
Bartlett, J. E.; J. Watts., Kotrlik; and C. C. Higgins (2001). Organizational Research:
Determining Appropriate Sample Size in Survey Research
Batty, M. (1997). Cellular Automata and Urban Form: A Primer. Record of the
American Planning Connection, 63 (2), 266 вЂ“ 274.
Batty, M. (1999). A Research Program for Downtown Morphology in Environment and
Planning M: Planning and Design, 21, 475 вЂ“ 76.
Batty, M. and Longey, P. (1994). Fractal Cities: A Geometry of Form and performance.
Berry, M. J. L., and Watts. L. Garrison (1958). The Functional Facets of the Central-place
Super berry, B. M. L., and F. E. Horton (1970). Geographic Perspectives on City Systems.
Bohr, B (2006) Map in the Local Government Regions of Lagos in
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benutzer:Bohr; reached May 26, 2008.
Bollinger, C. 3rd there’s r., K. Ur. Ihlanfeldt, and D. 3rd there’s r. Bowes (1998). Spatial Variation in Workplace
Rents Inside the Atlanta Region, Urban Research, 35: 1097 вЂ“ 1118.
Broadbent, G. (1988). Design in Buildings. London: David Fulton.
Buckwalter, D. (2001). Complex Topology in the Road Network of Hungary,
1990 and 98
Burgess, E. W. (1925). The Growth of the City: An intro to a Exploration
Project, inside the City simply by Robert E
Cervero, 3rd there’s r. (1994). Railroad Transit and Joint Development: Land Marketplace Impacts in
Washington, D. C
Cervero, R. (1998). The Transportation Metropolis: A worldwide Inquiry. Washington, D. C.:
Cervero, L. and Duncan, M. (2002). Transit's Value added: Effects of Mild and
Relever Rail Companies on Industrial Land Ideals
San Francisco Bay Area. Downtown Studies, thirty-five, 1059-1076.
Chesterton, G. E. (2002). Property Market Examine, Working Newspaper 32 prepared for
Jubilee Line Extendable Impact Research Unit
Cloete, E. C., and Chikafalimani, S. They would. P. (2001). Overview of the home Industry
House in The african continent held in Arusha, Tanzania, Oct 23 вЂ“ 25, 2001.
Cochran, T. G. (1977). Sampling Tactics (3rd ed. ). New york city: John Wiley &
Cole, T. P and King, C. A. Meters. (1968). Quantitative Geography Techniques and
Theories in Geography
Colwell, L. F. and Munneke, L. J. (1997). The Composition of Downtown Land Prices,
Journal of Urban Economics, 41, 321-336.
Cozen, M. R. G. (1969). Alnwick, Northumberland: A Study in Town Prepare Analysis.
Dabinett, G. (1998) Realizing Reconstruction Benefits From Downtown Infrastructure
Expenditure: Lessons Via Sheffield inside the 1990s
Damm, D., Lerman, S., Lerner-Lam, E., and Young, J. (1980). Response of Metropolitan
Real Estate Values in Anticipation of The Washington Local area
Dewees, G. N. (1976). The Effect of your Subway upon Residential Property Ideals in
Diaz, R. B. (1999). Impacts of Rail Flow on Property Values. APTA 1999 Quick
Transit Meeting Proceedings Conventional paper.
Dickey, J. W. (1975). Metropolitan Transportation Planning. Buenos aires, D. C